What is Anxiety

Stress, anxiety and all refer to psychological states that manifest as fear in the face of an event of a troubling nature. Their signs are quite close, but their causes and consequences differ. Anxiety is a normal phenomenon, present in all individuals. It can, however, take on an excessive and pathological character in different situations.Individual with anxiety feels persistent stress about the future and an unexplained fear of the unexpected.

We will talk more about anxiety disorders

Subjects with anxiety disorders are overwhelmed by this feeling of discomfort or fear secondary to excessive anticipation of possible difficulties even before the problems have occurred, or even before the subject has spotted precisely what he fears.

Psychiatrists sometimes speak of “fear not applicable”.

Anxiety disorders happening variable way, from panic attacks to a very precise phobia, to a generalized one and almost constant anxiety, which is not justified by any particular event.

Anxiety disorders manifest themselves in a very variable way, ranging from panic attacks to a very precise phobia, to generalized and almost constant anxiety, which is not justified by any particular event.Among the anxiety disorders we can find:

  • generalized anxiety disorder,
  • panic disorder with or without agoraphobia,
  • social anxiety disorder,
  • the specific phobia (for example the phobia of heights or spiders),
  • obsessive compulsive disorder,
  • the state of post-traumatic stress.
  • generalized anxiety disorder,
  • panic disorder with or without agoraphobia,
  • social anxiety disorder,
  • the specific phobia (for example the phobia of heights or spiders),
  • obsessive compulsive disorder,
  • the state of post-traumatic stress.

The physical symptoms can be in some cases spectacular and look like those that occur during a heart attack for example. One in two patients with panic disorder will end up in a hospital emergency department and undergo many complementary examinations. But the diagnosis of panic disorder is almost never mentioned by doctors specializing in medical emergencies. Finding a cause for these symptoms can sometimes take several years, adding even more to the anxiety and depression of the patient.

Symptoms vary from person to another, and usually include many of these signs:

  • Feeling afraid and worried, panic or discomfort
  • heart palpitations
  • sweat (sweaty hands, hot flashes …)
  • shortness of breath, dry mouth
  • choking sensation
  • chest pain
  • nausea
  • dizziness or light-headedness
  • tingling or numbness in the limbs
  • sleeping troubles
  • other various physical symptoms

 

The causes of anxiety are often many and intricate into each other, certain life events, family conflicts, emotional insecurity or childhood trauma, anxious parents , an illness, a stressful work environment, an individual vulnerability, …

Anxious people tend, without realizing it, to feed anxiety-provoking beliefs that fuel lack of trust (I’m bad, I’m not lucky, I’m not good at it, …) and reinforce the impression that they are not able to do the things they dream about.

Many factors can cause anxiety states, including:

  • a stressful situation with physical or mental exhaustion, such as chronic stress at work;
  • an illness or death in the family or circle of friends;
  • a precarious work situation;
  • a new stage of life (like a retirement, a divorce, the departure of a child from home);
  • hormonal changes of menopause;
  • a negative experience (physical aggression, for example);
  • Psychic conditions such as depression or schizophrenia.

From the point of view of psychoanalysis, anxiety would reflect the existence of unresolved unconscious conflicts at fundamental stages of child development. These conflicts, which include separation anxiety and the fear of losing a loved one, may emerge spontaneously or as a result of a particular traumatic experience.

Medications are sometimes necessary to fight anxiety and begin therapeutic work. Caution, anxiolytics should not be taken formore than a period of three months maximum.

consult a psychologist or psychiatrist for a therapy is the best solution, in order to benefit from an outside look, The therapist will help you to distance yourself from problems, which anxious people forget to do so much they are invaded by negative thoughts.

It is important to respect the dosage and the conditions of intake recommended by the doctor. As a rule, the treatment is set up by gradual increase of the dosage. The goal is to identify the minimum effective dose to limit side effects and the risk of addiction. Older people are often sensitive to lower doses. It is useless and dangerous to take two anxiolytics simultaneously.

 

Benzodiazepine treatment should not last more than a few weeks (usually between four and six weeks). It must then be reassessed by the doctor according to the situation and the effects of the psychotherapeutic care. Stopping treatment is done by gradual reduction of doses.

Taking an anxiolytic drug means that you do not drink alcohol. The combination of these two substances can indeed cause behavioral problems, memory, and increase the risk of accidents. Therefore, it is not recommended to drive or use potentially dangerous tools.